SEARCH FOR MORE JOBS

Custom Search

FREE TRAINING

Get free training on some basic entrepreneurial job which include
  • Liquid Soap Making
  • Bar Soap Making
  • Insecticides
  • Beads for bags, Shoes, belt, ear rings & varios accessories
  • Air freshener
  • Sinamay Hats
  • Crotchet Hats
  • Turban Hats
  • Google Adsense, Internet Marketing,
  • Forex Trading
  • Paid to read Email
  • Paid to Take Surveys
  • Affiliate Marketing.
For details kindly Subscribe to our free Newsleter on the Website And expect to see our Materials in your E mail box within 72 Hours



HOW TO MAKE HAT, HATS, HAT MAKING IN NIGERIA
CONTENT
Hat making
Kinds of Hat
Hat materials and Instrument
Art and Act of basic Hat making


HAT MAKING
Hat making is proffessionally reffered to as Millinery while Hat makers are reffered to as Milliners. Hat Making ( Millinery could be described as the Art and Act of shaping (molding)  different kinds of materials into desired shapes and Sizes held into shape by a Special Agent (Stiffner) and furnished / Finished with  ready made or Hand-made Decorations Accessories) to form  Hat(s) Usually worn on the Head. 
KINDS OF HATS
There are sveral kinds of Hats. However, this manual for Beginners will base its kinds of Hats on the  type/ kinds of material from which the Hat was made.
Hence, Kinds of Hats Include ;
Sinamay Hat
Crotchet Hat
Original Straw Hat
Paper Straw hat
Organza, Tafeta or Cloth Material Turban
Felt Hat
In otherwords, each kind of Hat above is made from the first name on the list which determines the material(s) from which it is made ie Sinamay Hat is made from Sinamay material, Crotchet made from combination of Cotchet and Sinamay, Original Straw Hat made from Original Straw/ Mat, Paper straw Hat made from Pulp Paper Straw Material. Organza, Tafeta Hat made from Organza, Tafeta or other manipulabble clothing Material(s) while Felt Hat is made from Polyethylene Felt and Crinoline.
HAT MATERIALS AND INSTRUMENTS
Hat Molds/ Moulds. 2 Pieces (a) Crown (b) Brim
Base Component Material e.g Crotchet, Sinamay, felt, Clothing Material: Base4 Material of the Hat
Stiffener: For stiffening the  Material so it can retain the desired shape
Petercham: For Covering the Wired edges/ Circumference Area of the Brim of the Hat
Petroleum Jelly: For reducing friction between the Fabrick and the Molding bag/ Mold
Molding Bag: For lining the mold in order to prevent the Stiffener from stickig to the Mold
Molding Pin: For holding Material into its place and shape
Hat Wire: For Stiffening edges of the Hat
Gum Eg UHU: For joining different parts of the Hat together
Cutter and Pliers: For cutting Hat Wire and removing Molding Pins
Scissors: For cutting Material and other Fabric/ tools
Head Measuring Scale or Tape Rule: For measuring the Head, Size and Shape of the Hat
Chalk or Marker: For Tracing Materials before cutting
Thread and Needle: For Sewing
Molding desk/ Table: A table where molding is done
Dylon or Coloring Dye: For changing the Material Coluor as desired
Hand Turner: For turning the Dyed Material while dying
Tailoring Thimble: For Hand protection while sewing
Hammer: For driving Molding Pins into Moulds
Hat Hanger: For Keeping and displaying Hats
Hat Model/ Effigy: For Displaying finished Hats in the Showroom
Hat Magazine/ Album: Used for displaying various Hat Designs and Categories
Hat Packaging Nylon and or Pack: For final Packaging and Storage of the Product
Dying Bowl: Used for Dye Application on the base Material in order to change the Color as desired
Iron: Used for making the fabic or Material neater
Accessories: For final Decoration and embelishment for aesthetics
Hand Brush: For Stiffener application
Spray Eg ABRO: For changing Hat Colors as desired


ART AND ACT OF BASIC HAT MAKING
This Section focuses on basic practices and steps in Hat making. Like other Arts, Hat Making is done in Phases/ Stages which are:
Preliminary Preaparation of material
Stiffener Application
Clapping
Molding
Drying
Trimming/ Notrching and Coupling/ Assembling
Wiring and Petercham application
Decoration and Finishing
Packaging and Storage
Preliminary Preaparation of materia:
 This stage involves choosing desired Hat material, cutting into size, ironing, dying if desired and dampening with water. To begin Hat making, the Base Material is first cut into 1 Yard or 36 Inches.  The 1 yard material is then cut into two equal halves ie 18" by 18" then each half is folded into 2 ( thus, one half becomes a double quarter of a yard) NB: One piece of the Material will be used to Mold the Crown (Upper part of the Hat) while the other piece will be used to Mold the Crown (The lower part of the Hat). NB: Not all hats have brim e.g Turban could comprise only of Crown


Stiffener Application: 
Stiffener as the name implies is a stiffening Agent which holds the Hat into its desired shape. The viscous Stiffener needs to be dilluted with 30-80% water to form a light paste (just like Paint) and then directly applied on the Hat material with the aid of a Painting brush (Just like Painting) Some Milliners However mold before Stiffener application which makes thier work/ Product rough and unprofessional due to clogging bubbles of the stiffener on the Hat material.
Clapping:
 This act is done by placing the hat material in-between the two palm (hand) and clapping out the Stiffener bubbles from the Material. Confused? Oh No! Just the normal clapping of hands you know. "understood" Thank you


Molding:
 This is the major aspect of hat making and shoud be handled with care and firmness. There are two basic Molds normallyt used for Hat Making i.e Crown and Brim which are in most cases molded seperatelly and then jonted together afterwards. NB Brim and Crown are molded together in exceptional cases when dealing with Straw. The molds (Brim and crown) are first wrapped in Molding Bag seperately and the outer surface of the nylon is lubricated with petroleum Jelly in order to reduce friction and adhessivity between the Hat material and the molding Bag. This aides easy removal of the Hat from the Mold.
Molding starts by centralising the Molding Material on the Molding  block and securing it down neatlt, firmly and tightly with the help of the Molding Pin and your Hammer. Repeat this procedure on the Brim and the Crown until until a desired unwrinkled shape of the mould is achieved. Please note that this must be done as quickly as possible before the stiffener on the matrerial dries off. However, if the stiffener dries in the process, a alittle quantity could be re-applied to replace the lost/ dried one (Aithough it makes it a bit rough but desired stiffening / hardening is still achieved.


Drying
 This is done by placing the molde material under a moderate Sunlight that is not too hot or too cold. Say betwwen 20- 40C
Trimming/ Notrching and Coupling/ Assembling
After drying, rmove the Pins so that the Materials could also be removed from the Mold. Trim the edges of the Molded material as desired while you centrally create a hole smaller than the Crown on the Brim. Notch the hole round to the calculated or measured area where the Crown can sit comfortably on the Brim. Apply Gum on thye notched area for the Crown to Sit properly on the Brim.


Wiring and Petercham application
 Measure round the edge of the Brim of the Hat and Cut a desired lenght of the Hat Wire giving allowance of 1 Inch for overlapping of the Wire. Wrap the overlapping edge of the wire securely using thread and tape. Place the wire into the Circumference of the Brim and secure into place with thread and needle. Cover the wired edges of the Hat neatly with Petercham (Ribbonlike Material of desired colour) in other to protect and hide the ugly wire from showing on the finished product.
Decoration and Finishing
 At this stage the Hat should have taken shape only awaiting finishes. Please note that this stage can make or mar your work because it prompts the outlooka nd the final impression your Product makes. In order to make the Hat  atractive and protect the joint of the Brim and the Crown, a band (belt-like) material is made. To make the band, Cut diagonally a Sinamay Material from about  18"X 18" dimension and fold into double, tripple or even Quadruple as the Design warrants. Place the band on the joinning area of the Hat and secure it firmly with the help of a Gum ( UHU Gum is prefferable because it worlks slowly but gets firmer with time and stains less) Finish the two ends of the band with ready made or hand made Accessories in order to make it neater and more attractive. "At this point, your Hat is done"


Packaging and Storage
 This is an optional but very important aspect of Hat Making. Packaging makes your Work more presentable and attractive in the Market. It is an essential part that beautifies and also protects the Product. It makes your product Export ready which gives your Conpany international recognition and representation.
FINAL NOTES: 
YOU CAN START MAKING MONEY FROM HAT MAKING WITH LESS THAN $30 OR N5,000 START-UP CAPITAL ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD OR IN NIGERIA 
YOU NEED CREATIVITY TO CREATE NEW DESIGNS AT LEAST ONCE A MONTH IN ORDER TO BE A LEADING HAT MAKER
IN CASE OF ANY PROBLEM OR DISTORTION WITH HAT MAKING, SOAP MAKING, OR ANY SMALL SCALE BUSINESS, CONTACT 2348101026421. SMS ONLY

SEARCH FOR MORE JOBS ONLINE

Custom Search

GET FREE ENTREPREUNEURSHIP TRAINING IN NIGERIA

GET FREE ENTREPREUNEURSHIP TRAINING IN NIGERIA
BECOME YOUR OWN BOSS TODAY